This evolved from the Council of the Indies and Viceroyalties into an Intendantsystem, raise more revenue an… peninsulares criollos mestizos conquistadors. All of the colonies, except Cuba and Puerto Rico, attained independence by the 1820s. Practice: Labor, slavery, and caste in the Spanish … Spanish Conquest of the Americas Movies. Spanish And English Colonization Essay. google_ad_width = 160; The Spanish conquest of Yucatán, the Spanish conquest of Guatemala, the war of Mexico's west, and the Chichimeca War in northern Mexico expanded Spanish control over territory and indigenous populations. In Peru the indigenous Amerindian pre-contact population of around 6.5 million declined to 1 million by the early 17th century. Page 6 of 38 - About 378 Essays The Spanish Conquest Of New Spain And The Broken Spears Analysis. NPS . After Columbus ' discovery of the Americas, Spain reaped the benefits of this New World. Spain's administration of its colonies in the Americas was divided into the Viceroyalty of New Spain 1535 (capital, Mexico City), and the Viceroyalty of Peru 1542 (capital, Lima). In the early 19th century, the Spanish American wars of independence resulted in the emancipation of most Spanish colonies in the Americas, except for Cuba and Puerto Rico, which were finally given up in 1898, following the Spanish-American War, together with Guam and the Philippines in the Pacific. Click here to watch the video on the motivations for English colonization. The city came to be the head of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and in 1776 elevated to be the capital of the new Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. The Libertadores (Spanish and Portuguese for "Liberators") were the principal leaders of the Latin American wars of independence from Spain. Official history says that the Spanish colonizers in America were focused on the territory from Mexico to the end of South America. Several other expeditions further acquainted Spain with its new possession. The first mainland explorations were followed by a phase of inland expeditions and conquest. Colonize the east primarily ; Also the Canaries and Madeiras ; Sugarcane plantation economy ; African Slave Trade ; Later taken over by the Spanish ; 5 Three Commonalities Between All Nations . The Catholic Monarchs Isabella of Castile, Queen of Castile and her husband King Ferdinand, King of Aragon, pursued a policy of joint rule of their kingdoms and creating a Spanish monarchy. Spanish Colonization of the Americas. ...A third factor, which strongly intensified the effect of the other two, was the social and physical disruption visited upon the Indian. The second factor was disease. Artifacts from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries bring a new light to this topic. Ponce de León explored the east coast of the Florida peninsula, including Biscayne Bay, before returning to his base in Puerto Rico. He was driven from his home by the thousands, starved, beaten, raped, and murdered with impunity. Spain's loss of these last territories politically ended the Spanish rule in the Americas. Spanish, French, and English Colonization in America August 26, 2020 by Essay Writer There’s a few explorers, a few countries, and a whole lot of effort that got America … Spain grew rich from the gold and silver it found after conquering native civilizations in Mexico and South America. This was only 21 years after Columbus first set foot in the Bahamas and initiated Spanish colonization of the Americas. “Motivations for English Colonization” by Kahn Academy is licensed under CC BY-NC 3.0 Spain extended its reach in the Americas after reaping the benefits of its colonies in Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. ... support for a maritime expedition which should have provided a new commercial route to the Far East but discovered America instead. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. In the 18th century the additional Viceroyalty of New Granada 1717 (capital, Bogotá), and Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata1776 (capital, Buenos Aires) were established from portions of the Viceroyalty of Peru. The arrival of Europeans in the New World in 1492 changed the Americas forever. Conquistadors pray before entering Tenochtitlan. Spanish Discovery and Colonization. What happened instead was 350 years of Spanish rule that resulted in social, political, and economic changes for the native people. Jay I. Kislak Collection—Rare Book and Special Collections Division/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Over the course of the next 350 years: Spain ruled a vast empire based on the labor and exploitation of the native population. According to Cook, the indigenous Californian population at first contact, in 1769, was about 310,000 and had dropped to 25,000 by 1910. Spanish colonization of the Americas began with Christopher Columbus's landing on San Salvador in 1492 and continued until the independence wars of the early 19th century. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Racial mixing was a central process in the Spanish colonization of the Americas, and ultimately led to the Latin American identity, which combines African, Hispanic, and Native American cultures. Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies . Only in the West did the Spanish have a serious presence in territory that's now the United States, and Spanish penetration of California and New Mexico came only in the 17th and 18th centuries. Translate Spanish colonization of the americas. Which Spanish class included Spanish colonists born in the Americas? /* 728x90, created 7/15/08 */ One of the greatest lasting effects of Spanish incursion into Latin America was the devastating loss of indigenous populations. Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, History of indigenous peoples of the Americas. King James I of England established Jamestown, made up of men from the Virginia Company, in Virginia in 1607. From decades of research he made estimates for the pre-contact population and the history of demographic decline during the Spanish and post-Spanish periods. Hello, and welcome to this Mometrix lesson on the European Colonization of the Americas. Their first Spanish settlement in this zone was the Fort of Sancti Spiritu established in 1527 next to the Paraná River. , Columbus made four voyages to the West Indies as the monarchs granted Columbus the governorship of the new territories, and financed more of his trans-Atlantic journeys. The Spanish settlement in that area was largely confined to religious missions, several small civilian cities, and military posts aimed at preventing the occupation of Russia, France, and England. More than a century later, Europeans finally took an interest in establishing colonies in North America.